Preparation of the Course
Each course must be carefully prepared. Make sure that you have enough copies of the manual and the accompanying materials before the course begins. You should have:
- Note pads for the participants.
- Transparencies for overhead projection.
- An overhead projector or other suitable audio visual aids which can be used in introducing the different sections of the manual.
- The training manual on Safety, health and Working Conditions.
- These audio-visual aids are important in getting information across to the participants when you present the main points in the manual. Do not rely only on an “oral” presentation. Various studies have shown that even the clearest oral presentation will be rapidly forgotten.
Discussion on Training methods
During the course programme, a brief session should be arranged to discuss the participant’s future training activities. An instructor can help initiate the discussion by explaining the training methods of the course using this discussion leader’s guide.
This discussion can include the practical role of education and training in improving occupational safety and health and working conditions, effective training methods and how to organise training activities by the participants themselves.
Evaluation & Course follow up
An evaluation of the course should be incorporated into the course activities when you plan them. It is also essential to allocate a brief session for the purpose. If you and the participants feel it appropriate, a questionnaire form can be used for evaluating the course. In that case, the brief evaluation session can be used by the participants to fill in the evaluation questionnaire and to exchange opinions.
The evaluation should include all the course activities; it is especially important to know which part of the course requires more emphasis, more careful preparation or longer periods of time. Encourage the participants to express their frank opinions. They should be told that the results of the evaluation will be useful for their own future work.
A follow-up of the course is another important aspect. The best way would be to organize a follow-up meeting of the participants after a certain period of time. Different meetings of the people concerned with the course topics also provide a good opportunity to follow-up the course results. Try to get feedback from the participants taking advantage of every possible opportunity. If you can collect information about the training activities or the safety, health and welfare programmes in which some of the participants are involved, it will help you follow up the course results. Every effort should be made to improve your own training activities and promote the organization of training in this field.
The participants are divided into groups of 4 to 6 persons. Each group deals with the discussion topics given in the manual.
Sufficient time must be given for group work. One to two hours are usually needed. As an instructor, participate in the group work, but try to be a listener and talk only when questions are raised to you by the participants.
Dealing with the discussion topics within a limited period of time is up to the group members. Clearly tell each group to arrange for efficiently going through all of the topics, find suitable answers, and assign one or two persons from among them to present these answers afterwards.
Working in small groups has several “built-in” advantages:
It makes it easier for the group members to establish contact with one another.
The experience of working together creates a sense of common action. It gives the group’s work a more realistic character and helps the members make more practical and concrete suggestions;
A sense of “social” learning is promoted; the participants learn to value co-operation and get some important hints for similar training situations.